Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show
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The Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show is an all-breed conformation show that has been held in New York City annually since 1877. Currently, the breed and Junior Showmanship competitions are held at Piers 92 and 94, while the group and Best in Show competitions take place at Madison Square Garden. The number of entries is so large at nearly 3,000 that two days are required to judge all dogs.
The Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show is one of a handful of benched shows in the United States. Dogs are required to be on display in their assigned locations (show benches) during the entire show except when shown in the ring, groomed for showtime, or taken outside for elimination. This type of presentation allows spectators and breeders alike to have an opportunity of seeing all the entered dogs. (In the more common unbenched shows, dogs are required to be present only at assigned ring times.)
The first Westminster show took place on May 8, 1877, making it the second-longest continuously held sporting event in the United States. The Kentucky Derby, on the other hand, first happened in 1875, two years before the first Westminster show. (Both events were held even during the Great Depression & World War years.) The show originated as a show for gun dogs, primarily Setters and Pointers, initiated by a group of hunters who met regularly at the Westminster Hotel at Irving Place and Sixteenth Street in Manhattan. They decided to create a kennel club called the Westminster Kennel Club specifically to hold a dog show. The prizes for these first shows included such items as pearl-handled pistols, of use to the hunters and terriermen who worked these dogs in the field.
Held at Gilmore's Garden (Madison Square Garden) the Westminster show drew over 1200 dogs. It proved so popular that its took four days instead of actual three days scheduled. The club donated proceeds from that fourth day to the ASPCA for creation of a home for stray and disabled dogs.
The Westminster Kennel Club predates the formation of the American Kennel Club by seven years and became the first club admitted to the AKC after AKC's founding in 1884. Breed parent clubs (e.g., the Afghan Hound Club of America) create the standards for judging their breeds, with the AKC administering the rules about shows and judging.
Dogs are judged against their breed standards (a written description of the ideal specimen of that breed), to see how close each dog matches their assigned description. Standards may include references relating form to function in the performance of the job that the dog was bred for. It may also include items that seem somewhat arbitrary such as color, eye shape, tail carriage and more. Many breeds no longer need to perform their initial jobs, and thus, are bred mostly for companionship. However, they should still have the innate ability and physical makeup to perform those jobs, and thus, this criteria is taken into account for judging.
Because of space considerations at Madison Square Garden, the show sets the maximum number of entries to 2,800 dogs, and breed judging takes place during the day at Piers 92 and 94. Group and Best in Show judging occurs in the evening at Madison Square Garden. The entry fills immediately on the first day that entries are accepted. Since 1992, the club has invited the top five dogs in each breed to be pre-entered. This criteria is determined by the number of dogs defeated at shows during the previous year. This arrangement is to assure that all the top dogs have the chance to compete.
Today, Westminster takes place over two days and nights every February. During the day, the dogs compete at the breed level (i.e., against other dogs of the same breed). Each Best of Breed winner (BOB) advances into its respective group, of which there are seven (Sporting, Hound, Working, Terrier, Toy, Non-Sporting, and Herding). Group competition occurs during the evenings, and the seven group winners advance into the final round of the show, which one judge will select one of them as the Best In Show winner. Since 2014, the show allowed mixed-breed dogs to compete in an agility event.
Westminster held competitions in Junior Showmanship (for handlers ages 9–18) since 1934. The eight finalists all receive scholarships for post-secondary schooling. Also, each year the club (through its Westminster Kennel Foundation) awards veterinary school scholarships for students from six schools.
The winning dog becomes "America's Dog" for the next year. It begins its reign with a media tour on the day following the show with appearances on virtually all television network morning shows, a visit to the Observation Deck at the Empire State Building, and much more.
The event is widely celebrated in New York City every February. First, there are salutes from world-famous partners as the Empire State Building, which lights its tower in purple and gold (Westminster colors) during the show. Second, Saks 5th Avenue features a street window with a Westminster-themed display. Third, the New York Stock Exchange invites the winner to ring the opening bell following its big win.
Animal-rights advocates such as PETA protest the show, arguing that the propagation and celebration of purebreds ultimately add to the millions of dogs who end up at and die in shelters. The AKC considers dogs to be property and has lobbied against mandatory spay-and-neuter programs, referring to such legislation as "anti-dog."
Also, during the 2019 broadcast, Fox Sports was reprimanded by dog show sponsor Purina after a broadcast voice-over introduction of a dog breed was done by NASCAR Cup Series champion Kyle Busch, who is sponsored by a rival pet food maker, Mars Petcare.
From 1984 until 2003, Universal's USA Network broadcast the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show. Following Universal's acquisition by General Electric in 2003 to form NBC Universal, from 2004 until 2016, the show aired under the NBC Sports label. From 2006 through 2016, the Monday coverage was aired by business news channel CNBC due to conflicts with WWE Raw on the USA Network. On July 28, 2015, Fox Sports announced that it had acquired rights to the event under a 10-year deal beginning in 2017. For the first three years, Fox Sports 1 and Nat Geo Wild provided joint coverage the show. The 2020 edition will likely see secondary coverage change to Fox Sports 2, as a result of Nat Geo Wild being part of The Walt Disney Company, following the acquisition of 21st Century Fox by Disney.
During NBC's coverage from 1990 to 2016, David Frei co-hosted the event with partners, Al Trautwig (1990–1991, 1993), Bud Collins (1992), Joe Garagiola (1994–2002), Mark McEwen (2003–2004), Lester Holt (2005, 2007–2008), Debbye Turner (2006), Mary Carillo (2009, 2011–2016), and Tamron Hall (2010).
Frei provided the commentary of the 140th event for his final time. According to a report in the New York Times, the Westminster Kennel Club might not allow Frei to announce both the Westminster Dog Show and the Kennel Club of Philadelphia's National Dog Show. The latter of the two shows airs on Thanksgiving Day on NBC. Westminster pressured him because the show was leaving NBC for Fox starting in 2017.
The 141st event in 2017 marked the beginning of the Fox Sports contract. There are two sets of hosting teams, with daytime breed judging hosted by Justin Kutcher (originally on National Geographic Wild until 2019, when the channel was acquired by The Walt Disney Company; 2020 coverage is expected to switch to Fox Sports 1 or 2) since 2017 and a three-man booth; in 2017, Paula Nykiel and Jason Hoke were co-hosts, with Kimberly Meredith Cavanna and Don Sturz in 2018. After a decision to swap daytime and primetime third men in the booth, Hoke returned to daytime coverage in 2019. Chris Myers and Westminster Director of Communications Gail Miller Bisher host the primetime coverage on Fox Sports 1, with the 2018 version going to a three-man booth with Hoke before the booth swap that led Sturz to be the third man in primetime for 2019.
Since the 141st event in 2017, Fox Sports 1 has a one-hour documentary, typically airing around Easter. Crowned: Inside the Westminster Dog Show features various dogs, their handlers, and owners as they went through the dog show from a few days before to the dog show itself.
Requirements for entry
In 1884, the AKC began requiring that all dog participants be registered with the AKC and recognized for conformation show competition. In 2016, there are 199 breeds and varieties eligible for Westminster. Because of the show's popularity and prestige, starting in 1992 the AKC limited entries by requiring that dogs must have already earned their breed championship before appearing at Westminster. Later, the AKC amended that rule - dogs only need one of the two required "major wins" towards their championship titles. However, they don't need to be finished champions to enter.
The top five dogs in each breed (based on breed points earned in AKC conformation showing through October 31 of the preceding year), as well as the Best of Breed winner from each breed's national specialty show, receive printed invitations by mail and are eligible for early entry. After that entry deadline passes, other dogs with at least one "major win" may enter, up to a cut-off entry total of 2800 dogs.
There is no prohibition against a winner competing again in future Westminster shows. Seven dogs have won multiple Westminster championships: six dogs in consecutive years (including Warren Remedy, the only three-time champion of the event) and one dog in non-consecutive years. Since 1972, however, there have been no repeat winners. (See List of Best in Show winners of the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.)
Dogs of all breeds, including mutts, may participate in the show's agility competition. There is a title for the highest-ranking mutt in the agility round - the "All American Dog."
Through the 134th Westminster Show (February 2010), Best in Show has been won by the Terrier Group 45 out of the 103 times that the prize has been awarded since 1907, more than twice as many wins as any other group. The single breed that has won the most is the Wire Fox Terrier, which has won 14 times. Two of the most popular dog breeds in the United States have never won Best in Show - they are the Labrador Retriever and the Golden Retriever.
- Terrier Group: 46
- Sporting Group: 18
- Working Group: 15
- Toy Group: 11
- Non-Sporting Group: 10
- Hound Group: 6
- Herding Group: 3
The oldest dog to win Best in Show was a Sussex Spaniel named Ch. Clussexx Three D Grinchy Glee (a.k.a. Stump), at ten years of age in 2009. The youngest dog to win was a Rough Collie named Laund Loyalty of Bellhaven, at nine months old in 1929. One dog, a Smooth Fox Terrier named Ch. Warren Remedy won Best in Show three times (1907–1909), and six other dogs have won twice. Dogs (males) have won Best in Show 68 times to 35 for bitches (females).
List of show winners and breeds
Following is a list of WKC Best in Show winners since 1990.
- 2019: GCHB CH Kingarthur Van Foliny Home - Wire Fox Terrier
- 2018: GCH Belle Creek's All I Care About Is Love - Bichon Frise
- 2017: Lockenhaus' Rumor Has It V Kenlyn - German Shepherd
- 2016: GCH Vjk-Myst Garbonita's California Journey (aka: "CJ") - Pointer (German Shorthaired)
- 2015: GCH Tashtins Lookin For Trouble (a.k.a. "Miss P") - Beagle
- 2014: GCH Afterall Painting The Sky (a.k.a. "Sky") - Wire Fox Terrier
- 2013: GCH Banana Joe V Tani Kazari (a.k.a. "Banana Joe") - Affenpinscher
- 2012: Ch. Palacegarden Malachy (a.k.a. "Malachy") - Pekingese
- 2011: GCH Foxcliffe Hickory Wind (a.k.a. "Hickory") - Scottish Deerhound
- 2010: Ch. Roundtown Mercedes of Maryscot (a.k.a. "Sadie") - Scottish Terrier
- 2009: Ch. Clussexx Three D Grinchy Glee (a.k.a. "Stump") - Sussex Spaniel
- 2008: Ch. K-Run's Park Me In First (a.k.a. "Uno" ) - Beagle
- 2007: Ch. Felicity's Diamond Jim (a.k.a. "James" ) - English Springer Spaniel
- 2006: Ch. Rocky Top's Sundance Kid (a.k.a. "Rufus" ) - Colored Bull Terrier
- 2005: Ch. Kan-Point's VJK Autumn Roses (a.k.a. "Carlee" ) - German Shorthaired Pointer
- 2004: Ch. Darbydale's All Rise Pouch Cove (a.k.a. "Josh" ) - Newfoundland
- 2003: Ch. Torums Scarf Michael (a.k.a. "Mick" ) - Kerry Blue Terrier
- 2002: Ch. Surrey Spice Girl (a.k.a. "Spice" ) - Miniature Poodle
- 2001: Ch. Special Times Just Right (a.k.a. "J.R." ) - Bichon Frise
- 2000: Ch. Salilyn 'N Erin's Shameless (a.k.a. "Samantha" ) - English Springer Spaniel
- 1999: Ch. Loteki Supernatural Being (a.k.a. "Kirby" ) - Papillon
- 1998: Ch. Fairewood Frolic (a.k.a. "Rocki" ) - Norwich Terrier
- 1997: Ch. Parsifal Di Casa Netzer - Standard Schnauzer
- 1996: Ch. Clussexx Country Sunrise (a.k.a. "Brady" ) - Clumber Spaniel
- 1995: Ch. Gaelforce Post Script (a.k.a. "Peggy Sue" ) - Scottish Terrier
- 1994: Ch. Chidley Willum The Conqueror - Norwich Terrier
- 1993: Ch. Salilyn's Condor (a.k.a.: '"Robert" ) - English Springer Spaniel
- 1992: Ch. Registry's Lonesome Dove (a.k.a. "Lacey" ) - Wire Fox Terrier
- 1991: Ch. Whisperwind On A Carousel (a.k.a. "Peter" ) - Standard Poodle
- 1990: Ch. Wendessa Crown Prince - Pekingese
- The 2000 comedy film Best in Show takes place at the fictional "Mayflower Kennel Club Dog Show," based in part on Westminster.
- Triumph, the Insult Comic Dog has used the setting of the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show three times in his skits; ostensibly, he was the winner in the "Best Insult Comic Dog" category at Westminster 1997.
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- Westminster show history
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- Frei, David (ed.) (2010). The Westminster Kennel Club Guidebook. Latest edition of annual publication.
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- List of American Kennel Club Titles and Abbreviations for Championship Dogs