Xu (surname)

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徐姓 - 楷体.svg
Chhî (Hokkien)
Tshêu (Teochew)
Từ (Vietnamese)
Language(s)Mandarin Chinese
Other names
Variant form(s)Xu, Hsu, Shyu (Mandarin)
Chui, Tsui, Choi, Tsua (Cantonese)
Chie, Chui (Gan)
Sy, Djie, Tjhie, Chi, Tjie (Hakka)
Su, Chi, Chee, Swee, Shui (Hokkien)
Cher, Cheu (Teochew)
許姓 - 楷体.svg
Khó (Hokkien)
Heoi2 (Cantonese)
Kóu (Teochew)
Meaningto allow
Other names
Variant form(s)Xu, Hsu (Mandarin)
Hui, Hoi, Hua (Cantonese)
Kho, Khor, Khaw, Ko (Hokkien)
Koh, Khoh, Kho (Teochew)
Hii, Hee (Fuzhou)
Hy (Vietnamese)

Xu is either of two surnames of Chinese origin that are homographs when transliterated. Both of these Chinese surnames are transliterated as Xu in pinyin and Hsü in the Wade–Giles system (sometimes spelled without the diaeresis as Hsu).

  1. Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade–Giles: Hsü2
  2. simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade–Giles: Hsü3

In Taiwan, the total population of 徐 less than 1%, while 許 is a more common surname ranking 11th with 2.33%. On the other hand, 徐 was listed as the 11th most common surname within the People's Republic of China, and 許/许 was the 26th most common according to the List of common Chinese surnames. It is believe that, 徐 is one of the branches of the royal house name Yíng, as well as noble Manchurian family Šumuru, or Xiongnu of Central Asia.

Variations in Chinese dialects and other languages[edit]

In Cantonese, 許/许 is systemically transcribed in Jyutping as Heoi and in Yale Romanization as Héui; customary spellings include Hui, Hoi, or Hooi; 徐 is often transcribed as Tsui, T'sui, Choi, Chui or even Tsua.

In Southern Min, 許/许 is transcribed in Pe̍h-ōe-jī as Khó, in Teochew as Kóu, and customarily spelled Koh, Khoh, Khor, Khaw, or Ko. In Gan, it can be spelled Hi or . For Hoa people the name is written as Hái or Hy in Vietnamese. Other spellings include Hee and Hu.

In Shanghai, China, the surname 徐 is translated as Zee. In Japanese, the surname 徐 is transliterated as Omomuro, and in Sino-Japanese as Jo. The Korean pronunciation, using the Yale romanization system, is Seo. 許/许 in Japanese is transliterated as Yurusu, Bakari, or Moto, and in Sino-Japanese as Kyo or Ko. The Korean pronunciation, using the Yale romanization system, is Huh, He or Ho.

Each time a Chinese character is pronounced in Sino-Japanese (on reading), Sino-Korean (Hanja), or Sino-Vietnamese (Hán tự), its transcription changes. In Sino-Vietnamese, the character 徐 is pronounced Từ and 许 is pronounced Hứa (surname), or hử (adverb) or hổ (onomatopoeia).

Chinese immigrants with the surname Xú (Chinese: ) who emigrated to Korea translated the surname to 서 (in Hangul), which is also romanized as Seo. The Korean name 서, translated to Japanese, is ソ (Romaji: So). Chinese immigrants with the surname Xǔ (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ) who emigrated to Korea translated the surname to 허, which is also written as Heo. The Korean name 허 translated to Japanese word is ホ (Romaji: Ho).

Overseas Chinese living in Vietnam (Hoa) with the surname 許/许, had their surnames transliterated as the Hái or Hy for government purposes or when immigrating to the English-speaking World, particularly the United States.

Origin of the surname 徐 Xú[edit]

Ruo'mu is one of the two sons of Bo'yi. Bo'yi successfully assisted Yu the Great with resolving the Flood, so the King conferred one of the eight noble tribal names, Yíng, to the family of Boyi; and simultaneously Roumu was appointed as the King of the land of Xú. This was the beginning of the establishment of the state Xú. The state has been reigned over by the royal family for more than a thousand years, and had 44 monarchs. The state of Xú was eliminated by the state of Wú, since then in order to commemorate their ancestral pride, descendants of King Ruo'mu adopted their country's name, Xú, as their surname. Therefore, the surname, Xú, is originated from King Ruo'mu, and it belongs to the noble tribe of Yíng.

Origin of the surname 許/许 Xǔ[edit]

The surname 許/许 Xǔ has multiple theories regarding its origin.

The most credible one states that the surname Xǔ originated from the feudal state of Xǔ in the area of Xǔchāng[1] in present-day Henan, during the Zhou Dynasty.

A different theory states that the surname originated with the fabled Xǔ You, a sage in the time of the fabled Emperor Yao, not to be confused with the later another Xǔ You who was a military strategist of the warlord Yuan Shao during the late Han Dynasty period. Xǔ You's descendants carried on the surname of their famed ancestor, thereby establishing Xǔ as a surname. Later on in the history of ancient China, it became popular among scholars of the time to postulate that Xǔ You must have been the ancestor of that feudal lord whose surname was Xǔ.[2]

The posterities with state as surname called Xǔ, were authentic known as Xǔ. In tale of Emperor Yao, Xǔ You posterities surname also called Xǔ. Xǔ by handing down was the person of integrity talented person of Yao and Shun time, lives in Jishan. After many years later, the posterity called this mountain as Xǔ Youshan. More than years ago activity near Yu Yingshui the basin under Jishan.[3] As there are many dialects in Chinese speaking world, there are several spellings of surname Xu, for instance, Xu is often spell as Hui in Hong Kong and Macao.

People with surname 徐 Xú[edit]


  • Philip Jaisohn, first Korean to become a U.S. citizen
  • Seo Taiji, South Korean singer, musician, and songwriter
  • Seo In-young, South Korean singer, dancer, model, television host, and actress
  • Seo Yong-Duk, South Korean football midfielder, who plays for Kataller Toyama
  • Seo Minwoo, South Korean idol singer, member of 100%
  • Seo Ji-hye, South Korean actress
  • Seo Kangjoon, South Korean Actor and idol of 5Surprise
  • Seo EunKwang South Korean idol singer, member of BtoB
  • Seo Yuna, South Korean idol singer, member of AOA
  • Seo HyeRin, South Korean idol singer, member of EXID
  • Seo Changbin, South Korean idol, member of Stray Kids


People with surname 許/许 Xǔ[edit]


  • Heo Jeong, Korean politician and independence activist
  • Heo Nanseolheon, prominent Korean female poet of the mid Joseon dynasty
  • Heo Mok, Korean politician, poet and scholar of the Joseon Dynasty
  • Heo Jang-kang, actor
  • Heo Jin-Ho, South Korean film director and screenwriter
  • Heo Jun, court physician and noted as author of the defining text of traditional Korean medicine
  • Heo Beom-San, South Korean footballer in K-League

See also[edit]


External links[edit]